Ratnapura

Ratnapura also widely known around the world as the City of Gems is situated 89 km from Colombo, Sri Lanka. Ratnapura lies in the valley of the temperamental Kalu Ganga in the South-western Rakwana Hills.

Ratnapura also widely known around the world as the City of Gems is situated 89 km from Colombo, Sri Lanka. Ratnapura lies in the valley of the temperamental Kalu Ganga in the South-western Rakwana Hills. It is the centre of the gem mining industry. Three methods of gemming are used which are Surface Gemming, Tunneling and Dredging in river beds and pits. The mines are worked in the dry season and the gems found are Ruby and plain and Star Sapphires, Cats eyes, Alexandrite, Topaz, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Tourmaline, Garnet, Zircon and a host of others. Remains of old Portuguese and British forts are found in here as well as temple of the god Saman, guardian of Sri Pada "Adams Peak" the hallowed mountain of Buddhists, Hindus and Muslims. The Temple at Ratnapura enshrines the golden bow and arrow of this god. Ratnapura is blanketed with Rubber and Tea estates, two leading commodity exports of Sri Lanka.

Tourists Attractions in Ratnapura

  • Gem City

Ratnapura also widely known around the world as the City of Gems is situated 89 km from Colombo, Sri Lanka. Ratnapura lies in the valley of the temperamental Kalu Ganga in the South Western Rakwana Hills. It is the centre of the gem mining industry. Three methods of gemming are used which are surface gemming, tunnelling and dredging in river beds and pits. The mines are worked in the dry season and the gems found are Ruby and plain and Star Sapphires, Cats eyes, Alexandrite, Topaz, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Tourmaline, Garnet, Zircon and a host of others.

  • Rubber Plantation

Nearly 70% of the land area in Ratnapura could be considered as agricultural land covered with plantation crops. Rubber remains the major crop with land use of 75,752 hectares while paddy, coconut and tea cover 43391 hec, 38,467 hec. and 33,702 hec., respectively. There are mainly 10 plantation companies in Sabaragamuwa Province, managing 9106 ha. of tea and 23,717 ha. of rubber. There are 46 estates in Ratnapura of which 13 have more than 500 hectares. Kegalle also has 46 estates of which 14 have more than 500 hectares. Of the occupation categories in rubber plantation, the rubber tapper remains the key worker. Other occupations belonging to the field; nursery workers, replanting workers and spraying workers do not work continuously. Instead, these workers get involved in other associated works generally needed. Of the occupation categories in tea plantation, plucker remains the major employment.

  • Tea Plantation

Nearly 70% of the land area in Ratnapura could be considered as agricultural land covered with plantation crops including tea. Of the occupation categories in tea plantation, the tea plucker remains the major employment.

Other occupations pertaining to the tea industry such as pruners, sprayers, replanting workers do not normally work continuously. Instead, these workers get involved in other associated works in irregular basis. Sabaragamuwa Province is one of the poorest provinces in Sri Lanka. Most vulnerable segment of the population in the province belongs to the plantation sector. Sanitation in the estate sector is far below when it compares with the national level.

  • Water Falls

Bopath Falls is 2Kms away from Colombo - Rathnapura main highway near Kuruwita. The Bopath Falls cascades in the shape of a Bo (Ficus religiosa) tree (hence its name) and is the most comprehensively studied fall in Sri Lanka. Its source is the Kurugana River that later joins the Kaluganga River at Kurugaomaodara.

Dehena Falls is fallen down from Dehena Kanda. Dehena Kanda is down the borders of Peak Wilderness. Water from this stream joins Bambarabotuwa Oya. Bambarabotuwa Oya connects to the Kalu Ganga.

Duwili Falls, which is a marvelous creation of nature, cascades from a height of about 63 feet. It is located about 4 k. m. from Balangoda at Thanjantenna a little to the interior.

This magnificent waterfall, which is a creation of the Walawe River, cascades down a rock during the rainy season and is known as Punchi Duwili Ella. The water, which flows down from about 30 m below, is called Maha Duwili Ella. The flow of water forms a wonderful creation.

Ratnapura on map

Sri Lanka Tourism Activities around Ratnapura