Kalpitiya which is located 130 km north of Colombo International Airport, is an exquisite coastal region in the Western coastal belt north of Colombo. It is a peninsula set in between the deep lagoon of Puttalama towards the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. It is a marvellous marine sanctuary consisting of diverse habitats ranging from bar reefs, flat coastal plains, saltpans, mangroves swamps, salt marshes and a vast amount of sand dune beaches. Together with another 14 islands, Kalpitiya makes up 1673 hectares of land. The Kalpitiya peninsula is 48 km long and 6-8 km wide and is covered with fine sandy beaches. Kalpitiya is a celebrated world famous location for the lovers of Spinner Dolphins because of the opportunity to view large pods of Dolphins often running into hundreds. It is also a habitat for Sperm Whales and Blue Whales.
Kalpitiya has been once a pivotal trading hub and was named and known as “the island of Cardiva” by the Portuguese.